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They followed 4,800 leads and created 90,000 pages of files

They followed 4,800 leads and created 90,000 pages of files

Military sports leader Karl-Heinz Hoffmann considers democracy to be "impotent" and wants to replace it with a right-wing dictatorship. If necessary with force. The social liberal federal government has established Hoffmann against the will of the Bavarian state government, which occurs only for one "Puppet theater" holds, banned in early 1980.

"Alcohol-related dressing up"

The alleged Oktoberfest bomber Gundolf Köhler took part in two exercises by the would-be military. This can also be found in the NADIS file. Which also means: Köhler was no stranger. The observing constitutionalists must have had him in their sights long before the crime.

In fact, on September 27, the Federal Prosecutor’s Office started looking for possible cronies. But the Bavarian colleagues surprisingly quickly prevailed with the sole perpetrator thesis. Hans Langemann is its staunch advocate, the powerful state security chief in the Free State. So two important statements fall under the table that could burden the backers.

Gundolf Köhler: The student’s sole responsibility is very controversial. (Source: ullstein picture)

One comes from Ulrich Behle. He was one of the many informants for the protection of the constitution in the military sports group Hoffmann. Some of the members had fled to the Middle East after the ban. Months after the attack, Behle is sitting in the hotel bar "Byblos" in Syrian Damascus with a waiter over a beer. You talk about the events in Munich. Behle says it is on file: "It was us." The statement is not in doubt. But it disappears in the archives of the security authorities as "alcohol-related boasting". Checked off.

The other was made by Stefan Wagner, also a member of the military sports group and the right-wing extremist "Storm 7". Tobias von Heymann referred to the man in 2008. Like the television reporter Ulrich Chaussy, von Heymann is one of the journalists who have tried again and again for decades to shed light on the background to the Oktoberfest attack. From Heymann about the Hessian neo-Nazi Wagner: "On August 2, 1982, after a shooting and hostage-taking, he was chased for hours with the police. He made a kind of confession to hostages and accused himself of participating in the Munich attack. Then he shot himself."

The year of the brown terror

So could it be that Koehler was just a vehicle, one "Marginal figure"as reporter Chaussy says and how victim lawyer Dietrich does not want to exclude it? That the military sports group Hoffmann (WSG) or an even larger murderous network caused the Munich massacre?

The circumstances of the time were after that. Not only the left Red Army Faction (RAF) murdered in those years. Between 1976 and 1982 there were at least 14 targeted major acts of violence by the right-wing scene, with dead and injured. The author Andrea Röpke writes in her study "Blood and Honor? Past and present of right wing violence in Germany": "1980 was the brown terror year. According to official information, 18 people died as a result of right-wing terrorist attacks in these twelve months alone."

Much is in the dark that could provide traces of other Oktoberfest killers.

Unclear: Why Hoffmann’s troops were shortly before the crime and on the day of the crime under special observation by investigators and constitutional protection officials. The military athletes wanted to transport used military equipment to the Middle East with four off-road vehicles. Your convoy has stopped. The crews were questioned – and let go again.

Unclear: Whether WSG boss Hoffmann was in Italy two months before the assassination attempt to discuss things with neo-fascists there, as is evident from the files of the GDR state security found after the fall of the Berlin Wall.animal testing should be banned argumentative essay The Italian "Ordine Nuovo" – German: the "New order" – was responsible for bomb attacks in the 1970s and 1980s, including the one on the Bologna train station on August 2, 1980, with 80 dead.

Unclear: That a police officer is close to the crime scene "something spongy, soft" kicked and found another hand that did not belong to any of the identified victims of the attack, and that promptly occurred in the Oststadt Clinic in Hanover "Accident victim" treated with a stump of a right arm, which could only have come from an explosion. The young man disappeared when questioned more closely.

Finally unresolved: the role of the right-wing extremist weapons expert Karl-Heinz Lembke, master of 20 secret weapons depots and some of them heavy caliber. In 1981 he was arrested and announced that he would unpack on the right underground. On the day of the interrogation, however, he was found dead in his cell, where he is said to have taken his own life with a cable. He left an enigmatic sentence: "It’s wolf time."

Evidence was destroyed

The fact that the most serious terrorist attack in German post-war history has still not been resolved is due not least to a massive violation of rules by the investigative authorities. In 1997, the evidence was destroyed – starting with the remains of the TNT explosive device to body parts that were not specifically identifiable at the Oktoberfest. With today’s methods of DNA testing, assignments to names and people would have been possible in 2018 – and legally. Murder does not expire.

A commemorative plaque has been hanging in the passage of the Munich City Hall since the beginning of this month. Mayor Dieter Reiter inaugurated it. It is dedicated to the Oktoberfest victims of September 26, 1980. It contains two messages. The first points in the direction of the possible perpetrators: "Right-wing extremist acts demand our vigilance". A second sentence means: The victims’ unheeded suffering demands our attention.

Hans Roauer, the witness with the splinters in his body, was granted 127 euros in compensation per month.

Sources used: Der Spiegel, Die Zeit, Süddeutsche Zeitung Judgment of the Federal Constitutional Court 2 BvE 1/15 Bundestag printed matter 16/13527 Own researchAdditional sourcesShow less sources

Peggy Knobloch from Upper Franconia disappeared in 2001 and was found dead in 2016. Since then, the police and the judiciary have got lost in dead ends. Could pollen traces soon bring the turning point in this case?

Maddie McCann, the little English woman who disappeared in Portugal. Rebecca Reusch from Berlin. She has been wanted for months. Tanja Gräff in Trier, whose fatal fall from the rock above the Moselle is not seen as a crime by the authorities. It is such mysterious missing, death and murder cases of young girls and women that move people deeply. With Peggy Knobloch from Upper Franconia, who was kidnapped in 2001 and whose body was discovered in 2016, dissatisfaction with the investigation by the police and the judiciary has been fermenting for 18 years.

But: Will there be a turning point in this long-term drama in the next few weeks? That is what the criminal lawyer Jörg Meringer from Hof ​​hopes. He calls the investigators’ previous work one "unspeakable story". In May he therefore confronted the public prosecutor in Bayreuth with a hitherto rather neglected trail. In September, he told the news portal t-online.de, he would get access to files from the authority.

Who is Holger E.?

Meringer’s suspicion: A minor from Halle who was just 17 years old at the time of the crime could be responsible for the death of the nine-year-old. His name is Holger E. He was one of the suspects from the start. The lawyer believes that this man may have more to do with the case than has been determined so far.

May 7, 2001. The day is too cold for the time of year. The 9-year-old Peggy Knobloch from the Franconian town of Lichtenberg goes straight home after school. Witnesses see them around 1:20 p.m. in the town center. Others remember that a little later she was standing on her doorstep on the market square. Still others claim to have recognized them on the street around 7 p.m. Her single mother, a geriatric nurse, works in shifts and doesn’t come home until around 8 p.m. She later testifies that Peggy was not there when she returned. Nowhere her clothes, nowhere her satchel. The child probably never entered the apartment.

There will be no trace of the nine-year-old for 15 years from that date. Family, friends and investigators are always preoccupied with the same probing questions: What happened to Peggy? Did she run away? Was she the victim of an accident? Did she run into a sex offender who abused and killed her? Then where could her body be?

Photo by Peggy Knobloch: The nine-year-old disappeared on May 7, 2001. (Source: dpa)

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In July 2016, a mushroom picker noticed a hollow in the forest 15 kilometers away near Rodacherbrunn in Thuringia. There, covered under bushes, he finds human bones and a skull, and a wristwatch in the bushes. The police make an initial assignment of the finds using this watch. Three days later, the DNA analysis of the skeletal components shows a hit: It is the mortal remains of the Lichtenberger woman. 

Bavarian investigators have 180 old, unsolved murder files on their list. With the fall of the dead Peggy, they still have a particularly difficult time. They followed 4,800 leads and created 90,000 pages of files. Four SoKos with changing bosses dealt with the fate of the girl. Ex-Interior Minister Günther Beckstein (CSU) personally intervened in the staffing. The search was a topic in the Munich state parliament. There were interrogations, arrests, even a trial, a conviction and, in the end, an acquittal after retrial. So far, every supposedly hot lead in the hunt for the murderer has got stuck in the thicket of suspicions and accusations.

Günther Beckstein: The former Bavarian Interior Minister (CSU) intervened personally in the Peggy case. (Archive image) (Source: imago images)

Above all: From 2004 to 2014, over ten years, the investigations were completely stopped. The judiciary was convinced: We have the perpetrator: Ulvi K., a man with a disability who has the mental capabilities of a 12-year-old and is sexually fond of children. Today he is in his 40s. At the turn of the millennium he had often played with Peggy. Peggy’s mother, Susanne Knobloch, suspected him just a few days after her daughter’s disappearance. At the police station, K. was interrogated partly without a lawyer. In 40 interrogations, he denied the alleged act.

Ulvi K.’s supervisor did not give up

In the 41st an official from the village sat across from him, with K. on a very friendly basis. No tape ran like that "friend" apparently unconventionally asked him to confess – with the suggestion that otherwise the friendship would end. For the sensitive accused, this was the reason to simply admit everything. He raped Peggy on May 3rd and wanted to apologize to her on May 7th. She ran away. He held her at the castle ruins and squeezed her. "She stopped moving." In 2004 the judges sent him to life imprisonment.

The Bayreuth District Court: Ulvi K. had been convicted of the murder of Peggy. (Source: imago images)

His supervisor and lawyer Michael Euler fought for a resumption, a rare success in German law. The second trial took place in 2014. In the catalog of allegations neither the place nor the time nor some of the statements of witnesses were correct, it quickly became clear. Ulvi K., it became clear, talks a lot and then whatever comes to mind. He was acquitted.

Many suspects around Peggy

But who is the perpetrator? Local residents initially suspected the proximity of the Czech border. They had seen a red Mercedes with a registration number from the neighboring state. Peggy got on. Others noticed a suspicious Skoda.

In addition: Peggy Knobloch was considered "very open"as the chief investigator explained a few days after the disappearance. The nine-year-old was not at home much, was on the road a lot, often visited the central restaurant in Lichtenberg, the "Sun", and allowed strangers to take it along. "That may have been her undoing"says a Lichtenberger.

But conceivable suspects are more likely to be found in the immediate vicinity, perhaps even with the family. That is the experience of all investigators. According to the nationwide crime statistics, this is the case with four fifths of the relevant offenses. In the Peggy case too? Not only that a few months after the act, strange SMS messages from her former partner were found on the mother’s mobile phone ("With 50,000 euros you can do a lot in this shitty world") that raise questions.

It also turned out that the young, pretty, blonde, blue-eyed Peggy was all but surrounded by convicted child molesters or conspicuous pedophiles. The property of Knobloch neighbor Robert E., who had previously abused his granddaughter and godchild, was dug up while searching for Peggy’s body. Without a result.

Four strange pollen tracks 

Also Jörg Meringer, the criminal lawyer from Hof, who is on a new track, got into the case through the role of defender. He is representing Manuel S., a suspect who was arrested in 2018. Shortly after the time of the offense, S. had already been burdened by K.’s statement that he had helped him. The undertaker also initially admitted to having disposed of Peggy’s body. But then he revoked.

Meringer is still angry today about the behavior of the police officers after the arrest in December 2018. They revealed the identity of his client too early in a press conference. And this is still under psychological pressure "stigmatized", old school friends would still be interviewed. Manuel S. has long been at large again. According to the court, there is no urgent suspicion.